Vad tänker vi på när vi hör sniglar och snäckor? : En kvalitativ studie av vilka textsamtal som sker i samband med diskussion av skönlitteratur och sakprosa
Sammanfattning: The study is based on a qualitative research which aims to investigate the discussions that can be identified from teachers' questions, in connection with the discussion of fiction and non- fiction text. This has been done by examining different speech genres that occurs in the discussions as well as the text movability that teachers encourage. The data was collected through observations and interviews. The first part of the study showed that teachers dominated the discussions on the basis of a specific speech genre but at the same time they showed elements of other genres. We identified that the most occurring genres was the teaching Examination and Text Oriented Talk, both for discussions of fiction and non-fiction texts. The speech genres that occurred less were the Culturally Oriented Talk and Informal Book Talk, particularly in the non-fiction texts were they did not occurred in the discussions. The study also reveals that both rhetorical and non-rhetorical questions were used by teachers throughout the discussions of fiction and non-fiction texts. The teachers questions has been shown to be important for how the discussions were formed and this indicates that an awareness of the issues are of high relevance. This awareness was something that many teachers appeared to lack. Furthermore the study shows that the teachers' purpose in text conversations have a crucial importance for the calls that were executed, both in the fiction and non-fiction conversations. It can therefore be concluded that the results of how to talk about texts in fiction and nonfiction largely consistent. The second part of the study showed that text movability included summarize and to draw out main points in the text to a greater extent encouraged by the teachers through their issues associated to the discussions for non-fiction text. When it comes to the literary conversations the study showed that the teachers issues regarding the act itself did not allow the students to summarize the whole text. What was also part of the text movability was to talk about words and concepts more prominent in discussions of non-fiction texts. Related to the discussions on non fiction the teachers asked issues to a greater extent about new words and concepts compared to the issuses that were asked about the literary texts. Regarding associative movability connected to prevoius experiences, the issues occurring to this type of discussions from the teachers questions regarding both literary texts and non-fiction texts. Finally, we can conclude that our results differed regarding what type of text movability teachers encouraged to discussions on fiction and non-fiction texts.
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