Prinsessa i tiden : En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av skillnader i hur två klassiska Disneyprinssessor gestaltas i de animerade originalfilmerna jämfört med deras nya spelfilmer utifrån ett genusperspektiv

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Högskolan i Gävle/Avdelningen för humaniora

Sammanfattning: This study has analysed the dialogue in two of the oldest Disney animated movies with a princess in the lead role, Cinderella from 1950 and Sleeping beauty from 1959 and compared them with their new live action remakes, Cinderella from 2015 and Maleficent from 2014, from a gender perspective. The purpose was to find out if there has been a change in the way the princess was shaped based on their personality and their relation with the prince. Selected scenes have been transcribed from the four films and through a qualitative content analysis they have been coded based on a code scheme.   The analysis has been based primarily on Rönnberg's theory of feminine role types in film and Yvonne Hirdman's gender contract. Davies 'previous research on stereotypes in fairy tales and England, Descartes and Collier-Meek and Hine´s et al. study about gender in Disney movies through the ages also support the interpretations of the analysis'. The results show that both of the older animated films portray the princesses based on a more stereotypical image of women and from a perspective where men are superior and the heroes in the story.   In the live action movies, the stereotypical feminine image of the princesses has developed. In Cinderella, the main character develops during the film. At first the main character Ella shows similarities with the classic Cinderella which is very gender stereotypical. During the film, the character of Ella changes and in the end, she finally dares to stand up for herself which is a big change compared to the classic movie. In Maleficent, on the other hand, Princess Aurora is portrayed in a completely different way compared to classic Sleeping Beauty. This movie shows a side that is not as stereotypically feminine. Aurora is not saved by a prince, she is curious and dreaming of taking over the magical land that Maleficent comes from. The change you can see in the result indicates a social change in the way of how men and women are viewed. The live action movies show a world where women are allowed to take more space, be strong for themselves and have dreams that do not involve a prince.

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