Kvinnlig Könsstympning i Afrika : En Komparativ Studie av Kvinnlig Könsstympning
Sammanfattning: This study examines how development phases such as education, economy and living in urban or rural areas have an impact on the phenomenon female genital mutilation. A comparative study was made on the three African countries Sudan, Somalia and Sierra Leone. The study is written with information from sociological theories, surveys from the database MICS and established research in order to make an analysis. The purpose of this study is to make a contribution to the already made research on the topic of female genital mutilation. The question of the issue of the study is to analyse and describe how development can have an impact both positive and negative on the phenomenon of female genital mutilation. Furthermore, we want to investigate and understand to what extent living in urban and rural areas make a difference in female genital mutilation. How much of a difference does having a better education make whether mothers mutilate their daughters or not? Is having a better economy a difference or not? Using a quantitative method consisting of data collected from the database MICS we made Binary logistic regressions in order to answer the question of the study. The data consisted of already made surveys on the subject female genital mutilation in the countries Sudan, Somalia and Sierra Leone. The result from the analysis was that in the countries Somalia and Sierra Leone having a higher education makes a difference in whether a woman has heard of female genital mutilation or not. It also showed in these two countries that actually having a higher education increased the risk for women to be mutilated. In Sudan it showed that a having lower education also increased the risk of female genital mutilation. With the economy it showed that in all three countries having a higher economy increases the chances of being mutilated. The analyse also showed that if a family lives in urban areas the changes of the daughter being exposed to female genital mutilation decreases. The conclusion of the study is that the urbanisation that is happening in Africa today will make a big difference in the attitudes and the continuation of female genital mutilation. And having the chance of gaining a better education will also change the attitudes and the continuation of the phenomenon. Having a better economy will develop the family and especially the women to chance their belief of female genital mutilation.
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