Uppfattningar om hiv hos ungdomar på en gymnasieskola i Guamal, Colombia

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från

Författare: Malin Grahn; Lisa Ohlsson; [2018-07-10]

Nyckelord: Colombia; Hiv; HIV-KQ-18; tvärsnittsstudie; ungdomar;

Sammanfattning: Background: The control of human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) is a global challenge. An estimated 37 million people across the world are hiv-positive and Colombia is one of the countries in Latin America with the largest amount of people with hiv. Young people are a particularly susceptible group. Perceptions of hiv is essential in order for people to be able to protect themselves and thereby reduce the risk of transmission. Knowledge is also important in order to diminish stigmatization of hiv. In order to optimize education and information about hiv and sexual health in general it is important for midwives to be aware of the prevailing level of knowledge about hiv. Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the knowledge of hiv among young people at a high school in Guamal, Colombia. Methods: A cross-sectional study with a validated survey, HIV-KQ-18, was conducted. The sample consisted of 150 teenagers in grades 9-11, over 15 years of age. Results: The result showed deficiencies in perceptions about hiv among the teenagers. Grade 11 had significantly higher points than grade 9. There was no significant difference in points between boys and girls. Conclusion: The difference in perception between the grades can most likely be explained by the different amount of sexual education. Since the cognizance was inadequate, the sexual education should be adapted. This knowledge is important for midwives, since youth, sexual health, and sexual education are all significant parts of the midwife’s profession.

  HÄR KAN DU HÄMTA UPPSATSEN I FULLTEXT. (följ länken till nästa sida)