PreCro : A Pedestrian Crossing Robot

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från KTH/Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM); KTH/Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM)

Sammanfattning: For people who suffer from visual impairment, getting around in traffic can be a great struggle. The robot PeCro, short for Pedestrian Crossing, was created as an aid for these people to use at pedestrian crossings equipped with traffic lights. The prototype was constructed in Solid Edge ST9 as a three wheeled mobile robot and consists of several components. The microcontroller, Arduino Uno, was programmed in Arduino IDE. The vision sensor used was a Pixy2 camera that can detect and track selected colour codes. A steering model called differential drive is used. It is controlled through magnetic encoders mounted on the two motor shafts. PeCro scans the environment looking for green light. If detected, PeCro searches for the blue box on the traffic light pillar on the opposite side of the street. When it is detected it crosses the street and turns 180 degrees to enable crossing the street again. The performance of a vision sensor in different light environments, the efficiency of magnetic encoders measuring travelled distance and regulating steering as well as linear interpolation as a distance calculation method, was studied. The results show that the detecting performance of PeCro is affected by the light environment and the maximum distance at which the used colour codes are detected, was 163 cm respective 150 cm. Another result shows that when measuring distance with magnetic encoders, a constant distance deviation from the desired distance occurs. This method is desirable compared to using linear interpolation to measure the distance. In conclusion, to implement and use PeCro in real life situations, further development has to be done.

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