Sjuksköterskors kunskaper om Meticillinresistenta Staphylococcus aureus – En enkätstudie med sjuksköterskor som arbetar på vietnamesiskt sjukhus

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Sammanfattning: Background: One of the world’s growing public health problems is that bacteria develop resistance to antibiotics, resulting in increased spread of disease and mortality. Multiresistant bacteria occur in all countries, but is primarily a problem in Asia. MRSA - Meticillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus - is a variant of Staphylococcus aureus, which is resistant to penicillin preparations.Aim: The aim was to investigate the level of knowledge regarding, MRSA - methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, held by nurses working in a Vietnamese hospital.Method: This bachelor thesis was based on cooperation between University of Gothenburg and Hanoi Medical University (HMU). In the Hanoi medical university hospital, 46 written surveys was divided to nurses (Appendix 1). Criteria for inclusion in the survey were nurses working at a Vietnamese hospital. The survey was in Vietnamese and involve three background questions followed by another six questions on the subject MRSA. The nurses had about 5-10 minutes to fill out the survey. A quantitative analysis was used to analyze the collected data.Result: The groups were named with low, moderate or high skills. 1-2 correct answers were rated low skills, 3-4 correct answers were rated moderate skills and 5-6 correct answers were rated high skills. The results showed that there were 7 nurses (15%) who had low skills, 24 nurses (52%) who had moderate skills and 15 nurses (33%) who had high skills in MRSA.Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is that most of the nurses had moderate knowledge about MRSA, there was a certain difference between men and women as well as age and years worked in healthcare when the number of correct answers was compiled.

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