Riskfaktorer och omvårdnad för psykisk ohälsa bland ungdomar
Sammanfattning: Background: Young people are constantly exposed to risk factors that may affect mental health. But through knowledge and proper nursing, several risk factors can be eliminated which will improve mental health. Aim: The purpose of the study is to highlight risk factors and nursing measures for mental illness among young people. The aim was also to investigate the chosen articles' data analysis methodology. Method: This descriptive literature study was founded on 16 scientific articles. The literature was analyzed and reviewed to distinguish themes. In addition to this, the data analysis methodology was examined. Results: Several risk factors showed an increased risk of mental health among young people. Risk factors was most apparent amongst youth whose families had poor socioeconomic status, who witnessed or been subjected to violence and exclusion. Overall, a higher proportion of young female reported mental illness. In nursing care for young people who suffered from mental illness, there was a great need for support. The literature showed the importance of the nurse ability to spend enough time and built up a trustworthy relationship with the patient. Though motivation and education by the nurse, the awareness increased, and feeling of stigmatization decreased in the population of young people with mental illness. Conclusions: This literature study highlights several risk factors regarding mental illness among young people, the most significant were the impact of the family, socioeconomic conditions, postponed or witnessed violence, being a female and stress. The literature study also addresses nursing in mental health among young people, highlighting the importance of providing support, listening, being available, working to build a trustful relationship, interacting with parents and mental healthcare expertise. This knowledge enables nurses to identify mental illness among early-stage adolescents and to institute nursing measures on time.
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