Regional and Local Factors Influencing the Mass Balance of the Scandinavian Glaciers.

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för geovetenskaper

Författare: Höglin David; [2016]

Nyckelord: Glacier; climate; mass balance; PCA.; Glaciär; klimat; massbalans; PCA.;

Sammanfattning: According to climatic models there will be an increase in the amount of greenhouse gases which results in a warming of the earth where the change will be most prominent in the high latitudes. Glaciers mass balance is a good climate change indicator as the response is fast when climate is changing. Glacier mass balance, area of glaciers, elevation line altitude data for 13 glaciers in Scandinavia as well as North Atlantic oscillation (NAO), Arctic oscillation (AO) and sunspot data where gathered and a principle component analysis (PCA) where made. PCA is a multivariate statistical technique with the goal to extract important information and reduce the dimension of data. Three distinct groupings where found within the data set and was identified as extreme years of North Atlantic Oscillation and Arctic Oscillation and one glacier which had the largest area of the 13 glaciers. The PCA explained that all the variables in the data set is correlated with North Atlantic and Arctic Oscillation to about 40 % and we can conclude that there is a regional and local forcing within our data where the regional (NAO and AO) is of more importance for the variance and for the mass balance.

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