Att bygga en grundskola som fungerar i en innerstadsmiljö

Detta är en M1-uppsats från KTH/Byggteknik och design

Sammanfattning: As cities become denser, population increases and the build rate today for elementary schools is low,more and more students will need a place in schools that are not yet built. Today, temporary modulesare a solution to the school shortage, these modules come with the risk of being used for a longerperiods than was planned due to the lack in planning for permanent schools. At the same time alreadyexisting elementary schools, in particular, the inner cities ones face another problem, that of a limitedplayground.The aim of this work is to design a permanent elementary school that will fit in an inner cityenvironment and, despite its limited amount of space, will be able to achieve the recommended keyfigures for playgrounds outdoors. In order to design such a primary school, investigations were carriedout in the form of literature studies, web searches, personal interviews and personal visits at variouselementary schools. The interviews were conducted in person with specialists in the planning ofelementary schools, with primary school teachers and with experienced architects and constructorswith substantial knowledge in their fields. Based on the investigations, a primary school wasdeveloped which works in an inner city environment.The elementary school was designed with regard to internal and external noise and has a flexibledesign to be adapted to sites with different conditions. The building has a limited space that offersenough playgrounds for the students in the form of balconies, roof terrace and a playground in theground floor beneath a part of the building standing on pillars. We believe that this solution to aprimary school can in the long run be a good start for reducing the shortcomings of schools facing oursociety.

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