Development of improved determination process : Adapted for nominal setup at Volvo Car Corporation based on static, dynamic and thermal contributions
Sammanfattning: A nominal setup at Volvo Cars Corporation is the placement determination for two adjacent exterior parts on the car. To place the parts in optimal positions, nominal values for gaps and flushes are determined. When a nominal setup becomes more complex, VSA (Vehicle System Architect) is summoned. These appearing situations regard the involvement of several attributes and the need for a combination of vari- ous contributions. There are static, dynamic (overslam or dynamic movement) and thermal contributions that are combined into nominal values of gap and flush dis- tances. The determination process of a nominal setup contains both calculation for each contribution, as well as the combination method which takes place at the VSA meetings. This Master Thesis project consists of the development of an improved determination process for nominal setups. The current determination process has a low level of transparency within the differ- ent group’s methods. Another issue is the insecurity of the probability estimations made when combining the contributions. Therefore, the focus of the project was to infuse a greater understanding of the contribution derivations, and greater insight into the probability of the taken risks. To achieve that, the project was divided into three parts; mapping of the determination process, individual contribution improve- ments and finally, improvements to the combination method. In contemplation of improving a process, plenty of knowledge needs to be gathered, regarding methods, simulations and possibilities. This was executed by interviewing experts within spe- cific areas at the different groups at VCC. Development of the improvements was done by interviews and various studies. It was shown that the mapping of the determination process increased the trans- parency between the groups as it increased the understanding of individual groups’ work. Contribution improvements lead to more realistic load cases used for dimen- sioning. A performed overslam clinic, where closing velocity data of a tailgate were collected, lead to a greater statistical base for which load case should be used. For dynamic movement, another method is proposed that considers relative movement instead of applied accelerations. For the thermal contribution, the approach of ge- ographically gathered temperature data was proposed. The improved combination method generates combinations with regard to three input values instead of one, from each contribution, to create different combination scenarios. The probabilities of the scenario occurrences are estimated which gave VCC a greater understanding of what risks that are taken. Furthermore, the combination method also educates the VSA meeting attendees by exhibiting the derivations and bases for each contri- bution.
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