Den sövda patientens värdighet på operationssalen : En kvalitativ observationsstudie
Sammanfattning: Background: To maintain the patient's dignity is important for the theatre nurse, which becomes extra clear when the patient is anesthetized. However, there are few studies with focus on dignity of the anesthetized patient in the operating room. Aim: The purpose of this study was to observe how the dignity of the anesthetized patient is utilized in the operating room. Method: An ethnographic observational study with a qualitative approach was used. The study was conducted at a university hospital in Sweden. Through a strategic selection, 20 operations were observed for 40 hours. Result: The result shows differences in staff involvement depending on operation. For operations requiring more extensive preparation, a clearer intention to do the best for the patient was observed. Even the importance of teamwork was observed. The result also showed how the communication between the staff affected the view of the patient and the importance of keeping professionalism in order not to compromise the patient's dignity. Conclusion: The dignity of the patient was preserved by the staff. However, there were situations, conversations and actions that showed a violation of the patient's dignity. On occasion, an offense was followed by a preservation by another staff, showing the importance of teamwork in relation to the maintenance of the dignity. The larger and more extensive intervention, the more signs of commitment and care about the patient were observed. This can be explained by the fact that violations of external dignity can be replaced by actions that strengthen internal dignity.
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