A Deep Learning Approach to Detection and Classification of Small Defects on Painted Surfaces : A Study Made on Volvo GTO, Umeå
Sammanfattning: In this thesis we conclude that convolutional neural networks, together with phase-measuring deflectometry techniques, can be used to create models which can detect and classify defects on painted surfaces very well, even compared to experienced humans. Further, we show which preprocessing measures enhances the performance of the models. We see that standardisation does increase the classification accuracy of the models. We demonstrate that cleaning the data through relabelling and removing faulty images improves classification accuracy and especially the models' ability to distinguish between different types of defects. We show that oversampling might be a feasible method to improve accuracy through increasing and balancing the data set by augmenting existing observations. Lastly, we find that combining many images with different patterns heavily increases the classification accuracy of the models. Our proposed approach is demonstrated to work well in a real-time factory environment. An automated quality control of the painted surfaces of Volvo Truck cabins could give great benefits in cost and quality. The automated quality control could provide data for a root-cause analysis and a quick and efficient alarm system. This could significantly streamline production and at the same time reduce costs and errors in production. Corrections and optimisation of the processes could be made in earlier stages in time and with higher precision than today.
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