Kapitalbudgetering under risk : En studie av svenska SME-företag
Sammanfattning: The purpose of this study is to explain how investment-specific and firm-specific risk affects small and medium sized enterprises’ (SMEs) choice of capital budgeting technique for strategic investments.Furthermore, this study also aims to identify which of these risks affects the choice of capital budgeting technique to the greatest extent. This study assumes a positivistic perspective and adopts a deductive reasoning. The theoretical framework consists of the expected utility theory, the stakeholder theory and existing research of risk and capital budgeting. The research method has been quantitative and data have been collected through a survey. The results indicates that both investment-specific and firm-specific risk has a significant impact on SMEs’ choice of capital budgeting technique for strategic investments. The results also indicates that SMEs under high levels of risk choose unsophisticated capital budgeting techniques. Furthermore, the findings shows that investment specific risk has a greater impact on SMEs’ choice of technique than firm-specific risk. Since this study examines investment-specific and firm-specific risk simultaneously, it differs from previous research. Previous research have examined each risk independently and therefore drawn individual conclusions for each individual risk’s impact on the choice of capital budgeting technique. This study also differs from previous research since the firm-specific risk is based on firm’s debt structure rather than the firm’s capital structure. Through this, the study contributes to existing research by explaining, previously neglected, underlying factors to SMEs’ choice of capital budgeting technique.
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