Hållfasthetsegenskaper i gjutjärn : tensile properties of cast iron

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Högskolan i Jönköping/JTH, Maskinteknik; Högskolan i Jönköping/JTH, Maskinteknik

Sammanfattning:

In the last few years people have become more and more aware of how humanity is affecting the climate. In the direction of reducing the greenhouse gases is to design engines with higher tensile properties and reduced weight, in order to achieve lower fuel consumption and cleaner fuel incineration in today's truck engines.

In order to achieve these requirements it’s necessary to increase the combustion pressure in the engine. This requires higher tensile properties and high thermal conductivity of the engine material. The department of Component Technology at the University of Jönköping in collaboration with Volvo Powertrain AB, Scania CV AB and DAROS Piston Rings AB has been commissioned to develop this material and to find knowledge of material properties used in truck engines and piston rings used for marine applications.

The purpose with this work is to analyze the tensile properties of a series of cast iron, cast under different metallurgical conditions.

Four different series of cast irons have been analyzed from four points of view, carbon concentration, nodularity, amount inoculation and cooling rate.

After the tensile test all specimen data was analyzed in a mathematic calculation program called Matlab 2006a. These results were plotted in different diagrams to show the relations between the variables.

A low carbon contents and high cooling rate result in high tensile properties and vice versa. Also, a high nodularity gives the same result, i.e. high ultimate tensile strength, yield strength and young’s modulus. The experiment which cover different amount of inoculation, shows that Superseed is the most efficient element to increased tensile properties followed by Fe-powder and Fe-C-powder.

Lamellar graphite iron has the highest thermal conductivity and vibration damping properties compared to compact graphite iron followed by nodular graphite iron. Researches show that the thermal conductivity increases with slow cooling rate, irrespective of graphite structure. When designing new diesel engines, high tensile properties as well as high thermal conductivity are wanted. Compact cast iron has a compromised quality of these requirements. Higher tensile properties are a higher priority than thermal conductivity when the casting cooling rate is chosen.

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