Analys av alternativ användning för sjukhusnära fastigheter
Sammanfattning: Flexibility in construction and properties has become all the more common over the last years. Facilities are a resource and it is the facility provider’s job to provide functional and useful facilities to the core activity. To be able to satisfy the tenants needs, flexible facilities in a favorable is needed as the tenants area of business will with all probability change over the years. New installations or the need for a larger workspace will be required. If the facilities can be easily modified according to the needs of the tenant, it will ease the process of change. A general and flexible building provides its facilities with multiple options without having to reconstruct, or if that is not possible, be easily modifiable for a different kind of business or a change in its ongoing area of expertise. The healthcare system is one of the sectors most prone to change in today’s society. Progress and new discoveries are being made every day, which result in newer, more modern, heavier and bigger equipment. As a result can this lead to relocations and structural change, as the need for a special type of service is required. In this study a hospital adjacent property within the Sahlgrenska University hospital in Gothenburg been studied. The ongoing activity on this property, Mikrobiologen, may come to be relocated in the future due to the previously mentioned structural changes. The propertyorganization, Västfastigheter, which main assignment is to find suitable facilities to Västra Götalandsregionen, have because of this begun to find an alternative solution for Mikrobiologen’s facilities. This study can supply this alteration with useful information and act as a starting point for the process. The study is qualitative and is based on previously published literature and knowledge within the subject as well as a case study with five different stakeholders that have been interviewed about flexibility and alternate possible usage of Mikrobiologen. The purpose of the study was to investigate which factors are most important for hospital adjacent properties, but also general properties, in terms of the buildings flexibility and alternate areas of usage. Further on, the study will shed light on the factors, which can ease the workload in different cases of reuse- and refinement processes. The reason for a change in need of facilities can depend on numerous reasons. Among other things will economical and political forces influence the need of further facilities. Another reason as to why the quantity needed may change with time is the ongoing social progress as well as the demands from the public and the state change constantly. People tend to value life quality, a healthy environment, ecological attention, service and ethics in a wider extension than ever before. As a result it has been shown that flexibility means more than just an easily adjustable facility with the right number of floors, certain height, floor structure, installations etc. By flexibility you certainly as well mean the buildings geographical positioning. A good location, close to surrounding enterprises or with good communications, eases the amount of work in finding a new usage when the previous tenant vacates the premises. It can be established from the interviews, and confirmed by the literature, that the early stages in the transformation process as well as good communication is very important. Contact with all possible interested parties, the municipality or other authorities is an important part for everyone who works with providing locals. As a part of this is establishing some form of behavioral analysis of the relevant interested parties.
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