Strategier för att ge stöd och visa medlidande till närstående när hjärt-lungräddning avslutats prehospitalt

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap; Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning: Background: Every year, about 10,000 thousand cardiac arrests occur outside hospitals in Sweden. Relatives of people who have suffered a sudden cardiac arrest experience chaos and anxiety. Aim: The aim of the study is to elucidate strategies for providing support and show compassion to relatives when cardiac and lung rescue is completed prehospitally. Method: This study is of qualitative design and a total of twelve specialist nurses were interviewed in focus groups, a qualitative content analysis has been used. Main results: During the analysis process, four categories were formed where all four categories also have subcategories. The categories that emerged were Information and support for related parties, Treatment, Participation and Dignity. The result showed that strategies used by the specialist nurse were to provide information throughout the course. Information during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, when cardiovascular rescue was terminated but also information after the death. The treatment was also highlighted as an important strategy in which the specialist nurse had to show an interest for the related and the deceased, and use person-centered care since the relatives react and provide in different ways. The specialist nurses also described participation as a strategy when it offered the relatives to attend the cardiovascular rescue and to see the deceased after the death. Even dignity was described as a strategy, the specialist nurses described that they wiped away blood and did nicely around the deceased, sometimes it was deceased or moved to another place. Conclusion: Treatment, participation, information for related parties and dignity are important strategies for being able to accommodate related parties and show compassion when cardiopulmonary resuscitation ends prehospitally.

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