Utvärdering av svensk enkät för ”Ecological Momentary Assessment” (EMA) av ljudmiljöer för äldre med hörselnedsättning
Sammanfattning: Background: The population of older people with hearing impairment is increasing. Causality occurs between hearing impairment and cognitive decline. Healthy ageing needs to be promoted.Aim: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate a Swedish Ecological Momentary Assessment, EMA-survey of subjectively perceived sound environment for older people with hearing impairment. The research questions were how the questionnaire was experienced, perceived, and whether the questions measured participant´s subjective evaluation of everyday sound environments?Method: 15 participants, over 65 years were recruited. Inclusion criteria ≤ moderate hearing loss, active participation in listening situations. Audiogram, Grit-scale, and the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE) were administered. EMA-survey includes 14 questions targeting experience in a real sound environment of mood, task difficulty, demand, motivation, loudness, listening effort, workload, performance, disability, and frustration. Semi-structured interviews were hold.Results and conclusion: The Swedish EMA-survey was perceived as positive by the participants, capturing the hearing-impaired subjective assessment of listening situations. Significant correlations exist between estimation of limitation, frustration, HHIE. EMA-survey has proven to be a tool, that can be used in further research and development of improved audiological rehabilitation. Person-centred hearing care for older people increases, EMA-survey can be a valuable contribution.
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