L’ÉVOLUTION DU PERSONNAGE-ENFANT DANS LES MALHEURS DE SOPHIE & POIL DE CAROTTE. Les relations de pouvoir enfant-adulte dans la littérature enfantine française du XIXe siècle
Sammanfattning: Departing from the notion of aetonormativity, which questions the adult as norm and the childas deviation in children’s literature, the aim of this study is to examine the development of thechild character and the child-adult power relations in French children’s literature from the 19thcentury. The character development is examined by analyzing the course of events of thechild’s actions (mischief) – the adult reaction (punishment) – the child’s response, and howthat contributes to develop the child-character along the narrative, to find out whether thechild develops according to adult norms. The study is based on the novels Sophie’sMisfortunes and Poil de Carotte (Carrot Top). We find that the character Sophie often ispunished for her mischief. With the notion of aetonormativity we propose that the purpose isto show that punishment serves to correct a child. Sophie does not develop, but the adult normis not contested. The character Poil de Carotte is rather punished for who he is. He does notmeet the expectations of his parents, but becomes an adult faster due to the punishments heendures. In that way the character still develops according to the adult norm.
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