Real Time Ray Tracing

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Linnéuniversitetet/Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM

Sammanfattning: Ray tracing has for a long time been used to create photo realistic images, but due to complex calculations done per pixel and slow hardware, the time to render a frame has been counted in hours or even days and this can be drawback if a change of a scene cannot be seen instantly. When ray tracing a frame takes less than a second to render we call it “real time ray tracing” or “interactive ray tracing” and many solutions have been developed and some involves distributing the computation to different computers interconnected in a very fast network (100 Mbit or higher). There are some drawbacks with this approach because most people do not have more than one computer and if they have, the computers are most likely not connected to each other. Since the hardware of today is fast enough to render a pretty complex image within minutes it should be possible to achieve real time ray tracing by combining many different methods that has been developed and reduce the render time. This work will examine what has to be sacrificed in image quality and complexity of static scenes, in order to achieve real time frame rate with ray tracing on a single computer. Some of the methods that will be covered in this work are frame optimizations, secondary rays optimization, hierarchies, culling, shadow caching, and sub sampling.

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