Effekt av strikt lågkolhydratskost på välbefinnande vid viktminskning hos personer med övervikt eller fetma - en systematisk översiktsartikel

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för medicin

Författare: Rebecca Ericson; Olivia Persson; [2018-06-04]

Nyckelord: ;

Sammanfattning: Title: The effect of weight loss with a strict low carbohydrate diet onwellbeing in overweigh or obese - a systematic reviewAuthor: Rebecca Ericson and Olivia PerssonSupervisor: Mette AxelsenExaminer: Frode SlideProgramme: Programme in dietetics, 180/240 ECTSType of paper: Bachelor’ s thesis in clinical nutrition, 15 hpDate: 2018-03-27Background Overweight and obesity is a growing problem in our society and a weight lossmethod is to eat low carbohydrate diets. Evidens regarding whether moderate or strict lowcarbohydrate diet effects kvalite of life is unclear.Objective To investigate evidence regarding weather weight loss with low carbohydrate diethave any effect on wellbeing on overweight or obese adult.Search strategySearches were preformed in the databases Pubmed and Cochrane with thekeywords overweight, obesity, weight loss, Low Carbohydrate Diet, Atkins diet,Carbohydrate-Restricted diet, Concentration, Lassitude, cognition, fatigue and attention.Selection criteria Solely human intervention or cohort studies in either English orScandinavian languages with overweight or obese adult (18-65 years) participants wereincluded. The included outcome measurement were "profile of mood states" (POMS).Data collection and analysis The literature search were completed 18/01/2018. The sortingof studies were made in there steps examination of title, examination of abstract andexamination of full text. After the sorting the four remaining studies where examined forqualite with the SBU “mall för kvalitetsgranskning av randomiserade studier” which resultedin the exclusion of yet another studie. Evidence for POMS was graded using the template"Underlag för sammanvägd bedömning enligt GRADE" produced by University ofGothenburg.Main results Evidence for the effect on wellbeing on overweight or obese adults losingweight with a low carbohydrate diet is low (++). Two of the there studies showed nosignificant difference in wellbeing while one of the studies showed significant difference in"vigour", one of the POMS variables.Conclusions There seems to be no effect on wellbeing for weight loss on a low carbohydratediet compared to a diet high in carbohydrates. Evidens regarding how a low carbohydrate dieteffects wellbeing in overwight or obese is low (++)

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