The influence of educational attainment and immigration status on outcomes of a national self-management program for hip and knee osteoarthritis – results on 22 741 patients from the BOA register
Sammanfattning: Background: Supervised exercise and delivered education are first step treatment for knee, hip and hand osteoarthritis (OA) according to international guidelines. It is uncertain whether OA outcomes from participation in the Swedish self-management program “Better management of Osteoarthritis (BOA)” differs for participants with different sociodemographic background. The aim of this master thesis was thus to assess to what extent there were differences by level of education and immigration status among participants in the self-management program in terms of Health, Health-related quality of life, Mobility, Health-related behaviours and Adherence to the self-management program, measured at baseline, three and 12 months. Methods: Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), logistic and multinomial regression was used to analyse outcomes for 22 741 participants. Results: For most adjusted outcomes, there were sociodemographic inequalities at all measurement points. However, there were no educational differences in mobility and attitude to physical activity at baseline, but at the follow-ups such inequalities emerged. Conversely, the willingness to undergo joint surgery differed by immigration status at baseline, but not at the follow-ups, and immigrants were more adherent towards the self-management program than domestic born participants. Conclusion: These results are pioneer findings showing that it exists sociodemographic differences related to OA treatment.
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