Driver model for a software in the loop simulation tool

Detta är en Master-uppsats från KTH/Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM)

Sammanfattning: For this project, a Software-In-the-Loop (SIL) simulation tool is used at Scania (“VTAB” – Virtual Truck and Bus), which simulates the submodels of the mechanical vehicle components together with the real control units. The simulation tool contains the following submodels: Engine model, Drivetrain model, Drive cycle model, Restbus model, and Driver model. The simulated human driver submodel in the restbus model outputs two pedal control signals to the control unit, namely the gas and brake pedals. With these two pedal signals, the control unit decides the modes of mechanical vehicle components. This driver model needs to be reworked to obtain a better velocity following performance. Two controllers, fuzzy PI anti-windup and backward calculation, are implemented in the driver model and compared by the velocity tracking accuracy and the pedal switching frequency. In the comparison and analysis section, two different cycles and two weights of payload are simulated. The simulation results demonstrate that both controllers can improve the driver model’s velocity tracing accuracy. Further, the fuzzy PI anti-windup controller is better when considering pedal signals fluctuation frequency and implementation complexity.

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