Hatbrottens nya spelrum: en komparativ studie om arbetet mot hatbrott i Sverige respektive Tyskland med fokus på internet och sociala medier

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Europastudier

Sammanfattning: By making a descriptive comparison, this paper examines how the prevention against hate crime works in Sweden and Germany. The aim is to compare both the work in general, and also the work against hate crime that takes place on the Internet and in social media. A number of concepts, such as democracy, human dignity and freedom of speech, serve as the theoretical foundation. From the results, it appears that constitutive legislation against hate crime exists in both countries. Regarding the work against hate crime on the Internet, there is a specific law for this (NetzDG) in the German case, but no such corresponding law exists in Sweden. Furthermore, there are non-profit actors in both countries that seem to have key roles to play by working against these crimes. The analysis shows that hate crimes are considered something serious in both Sweden and Germany. This could be explained by the theoretical perspectives, that human dignity is something highly valued in both countries. The results show both similarities and differences regarding the countries’ work. One evident difference is that there are a lot more legislation and penal provisions concerning national socialism (Nazism) in Germany. Keywords: Sweden, Germany, hate crime, democracy, freedom of speech, comparative analysis.

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