”Det handlar ju bara om övning, och att bli sedd av någon när man delar med sig” - En kvalitativ och kvantitativ undersökning av mäns förhandlingar kring känslor och maskulinitet
Sammanfattning: The aim of the present study, which was informed by a critical realist approach, was to investigate how men experience, understand and regulate their emotions, both intrapsychically and in interpersonal contexts. A specific aim was to shed light on the socialization of emotions during adolescence, and on how this today is affecting men’s emotional attitudes. The study's design was mixed and included an internet survey, consisting of the self-assessment forms DERS-16 and BSRI, and semi-structured follow-up interviews. 81 male participants answered the questionnaire, of which nine men in the age of 19–34 were selected for individual interviews. The interview material was transcribed and, based on an abductive approach, analyzed using thematic analysis, which resulted in two main themes - Negotiation of masculinity and emotions and Being seen - with three sub-themes each. The quantitative result showed a significant negative correlation between emotion regulation difficulties, estimated using DERS-16, and masculinity, estimated using BSRI. All in all, the results indicate that men, especially during their upbringing, are adversely affected by norms of masculinity, which advocate both independence and emotional restraint, as well as an expression of aggression. For the men in the study, becoming adults has meant challenging and renegotiating these norms, a process which has been both painful and scary, but at the same time liberating. These results reinforce an assumption that men, like women, possess a basic ability to feel, as well as a desire to verbalize emotions in interaction with others, and that under the right conditions, they are more than happy to do just that.
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