Upphandling för en cirkulär ekonomi - En studie om kommunala upphandlingar av datorer
Sammanfattning: The aim of this study was to analyze how municipalities can promote circular economy (CE) in the public procurement, focusing on procurement of computers. Furthermore, the aim was to identify opportunities and barriers for the integration of the CE within municipal procurement and analyze where the market is heading. The methods used in this study consisted of a literature study and semi-structured interviews. The conclusions of the study are that the municipalities can promote CE, especially through five steps. (1) By sending the old computers to remanufacturers(2) Conduct market surveys and enter into dialogues with relevant actors when planning future procurements (3) Analyze the feasibility to buy re-manufactured computers (4) Analyze the possibility to claim recycling materials and environmental certification (5) Verify the requirements. Furthermore the biggest barriers for the municipalites to promote CE in public procurement of computers are organizational, informational/ knowledge and social barriers and the study shows that the main soloutions are to educate and inform people about CE and increase peoples awareness of computers environmental impact. Finally the study indicates that requirements focusing on the environment and social requirements will most likely be more common in the future; especially requirements focusing on re- manufactured computers and environmental certifications.
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