Dölja eller visa kärnvapen? En komparativ fallstudie av Nordkorea och Iran

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

Sammanfattning: The proliferation of nuclear weapons is a global threat, which led to the creation of treaties like NPT to reduce the proliferation of nuclear weapons. However this hasn’t prevented states from still acquiring nuclear weapons. North Korea and Iran are two examples of this, as they both started their nuclear activities after the NPT entered into force. However these two states differ in their openness regarding their nuclear weapon ambitions. Iran is suspected of hiding such ambitions, while North Korea clearly shows its nuclear weapon ambitions. To understand why they differ in openness, each state has been analyzed on a system, state and individual level to explain more generally why states hide/show their nuclear ambitions. The results showed that North Korea is open with their nuclear weapons to deter the enemy from threatening their sovereignty. While Iran might hide nuclear weapons ambitions, because they want to avoid pre-emptive strikes from Israel and sanctions from the West. The comparison of North Koreas and Iran’s results led to the conclusion that a state’s tendency to hide/show their nuclear weapon ambitions are due to the state's role in the international system and what advantages/disadvantages it might mean for their national interests to show nuclear weapon ambitions.

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