Enforcement of International Law in the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict
Sammanfattning: This work called: ''Enforcement of International Law in Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict'' discusses problems of branches of international law, such as International Humanitarian Law and International Criminal Law, in regard to Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict situation and draws the picture of reasons why enforcement of these branches of international law failed in the aforementioned conflict. This work consists from 5 main chapters. Chapter 1 called ''Introduction'' gives short reasoning of the choice of the subject, why Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict in particular, discusses questions in focus of work and previous research on the same subject, focusing on lack of such research. Chapter 2 called ''Overview of Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict'' gives short date-by-date history of Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict and discusses legal aspects (arguments) of Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict from the points of view of Azerbaijan Republic and Republic of Armenia. Chapter 3 called ''Applicable International Law'' begins with short introduction to international humanitarian law, including background and history of that branch of international law, introduction to The Law of The Hague, to The Law of Geneva, to Protocols Additional to the Geneva Conventions of August 1949, and also to fundamental principles of international humanitarian law. Then it proceeds with short introduction to international criminal law, including theory of international criminal law, introduction to ad hoc international tribunals and International Criminal Court and to international crimes. The purpose of that Chapter is to show what norms of international humanitarian and international criminal law are important to be applied in the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict. Chapter 4 called ''Failure of International Law in Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict'' discusses international humanitarian law applicable to Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict, combatants and civilians situation in Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict and rules of customary international humanitarian law in Nagonro-Karabakh Conflict. Then it discusses war crimes, genocide of Azerbaijanis, Armenian aggression and crimes against humanity in regard to Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict. This Chapter shows the actual failure of international law in Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict based on examples. Chapter 5 called ''Reasons of Failure of International Law in Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict and Possible Solutions''. It argues possible reasons of failure of implementation and enforcement of international humanitarian and international criminal law in Nagorno-Karabakn Conflict and then makes a summary of recommendations on how to change the situation with implementation and enforcement of these branches of international law in Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict (as it is still continuing) and how to avoid such situations in future. This work finishes with conclusions and final statements.
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