The impact of various chromatographic conditions on the separation of modified and unmodified oligonucleotides
Sammanfattning: In this study, the effects of certain chromatographic conditions on various modified and unmodified oligonucleotides were investigated. At the forefront of this study was the investigation of a new Ion-pair Reversed-phase liquid chromatography (IP-RPLC) method, that had the potential to replace a previously established triethylammonium acetate (TEAA) IP-RPLC method developed for oligonucleotide separations. This method, utilising the counter ion dibutyl amine (DBA) and a Tris-buffer at pH 8, produced promising results indicating that the strong binding strength of DBA creates a hybrid IEX/RPLC separation method – the separation of oligonucleotides is dynamically based on both charge and length. Higher concentrations of DBA appear to produce better results that include improved efficiency, increased retention and even the potential discovery of hidden impurities. In conjugation with Ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC) systems, sub-2 µm particle columns and gradient optimisations, separations of complex oligonucleotides could be achieved in short analysis times. Furthermore, effective separations at the analytical level can be applied and adapted to larger scale Prep-LC, potentially also improving the purification process of crude oligonucleotide samples. Further development and validation are, however, required for any future work with this method.
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