Fraternity, sorority and stereotyping: A field experiment examining gender dynamics in referral based hiring

Detta är en D-uppsats från Handelshögskolan i Stockholm/Institutionen för nationalekonomi

Sammanfattning: We conduct a field experiment to study same gender bias and gender stereotyping in job referrals at a business school in Sweden. Subjects were given one of two job advertisements and were instructed to refer another student at the business school to the position. Subjects were incentivized with a small fixed payoff for participating and a large variable payoff conditional on the person they referred being hired. The two job advertisements were primed with gender by one being more masculine and the other more feminine. We use information regarding subjects' personal network to proxy for choice gender homophily, and use the proportion of men in subjects' class to proxy for induced gender homophily. We find strong support for a same gender bias in referrals for both men and women with the effect partly being driven by choice gender homophily, but find no conclusive evidence of the effect being driven by induced gender homophily. In our pooled sample, we find evidence of gender stereotyping in referrals only among women. However, when separating by school campus we find strong support for gender stereotyping in the hypothesized direction for both men and women at the main campus.

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