Betydelsen av kommunikation i sjuksköterskans möte medäldre patienter som lider av demens : En litteraturöversikt

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på grundnivå från Högskolan Väst/Avd för sjuksköterskeutbildning; Högskolan Väst/Avd för sjuksköterskeutbildning

Sammanfattning:

Background: The amount of elderly patients who’s suffering from dementhia increases every year. Many of these patients develop and decrease in their cognitive ability. The development can lead to people's communication skills deteriorate. It can be a problem for the nurse to communicate with these patients. It´s there fore of great importance for the nurse to learn communiations skills that can increase the communication with elderly patiants suffering from dementia.

Aim: The aim of this study is to illuminate the significance of communication in nursing care of elderly patients with dementia. Which communication strategies can the nurse use and what are the consequences for nursing care?

Method: To study the selected study area a litterature review was selected. This review was based on five qualitative articles, five quantitative articles and one qualitative-quantitative article. The authors looked for differences and similarites in results of the articles.

Results: The results showed that the communication was of great significance in the nursing care between nursing staff and older patients with dementia. It showed that specific communication strategies increaseed many of the patients security, participation and facilitated cooperation between nursing staff and the patients with dementia. Three main themes emerged from the articles: the spoken language, music and pictures.

Conclusion: By using specific communication strategies nurses could help patients to express themselves and participate in nursing care and conversations.

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