Demokrati och autokrati i kris: : en komparativ analys av Sverige och Irans inrikes- och utrikespolitik under Coronavirusets utbrott

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Linnéuniversitetet/Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST)

Sammanfattning: Sweden and Iran are faced with a similar societal crisis following the outbreak of the new Coronavirus but are in many ways fundamentally different countries. Using the MSSD (Most Similar System Design) the study aims to explore similarities and differences in crisis management between the two countries through a comparative analysis of certain facets within domestic (education, freedom and rights) and foreign policy (migration and international relations). The starting point is to assume the Coronavirus as the central explanatory variable, additionally the underlying theoretical debate concerning the relationship between ‘legitimacy’ and ‘effectiveness’ adds another analytical dimension. The study found major differences between Swedish and Iranian crisis management, primarily regarding what policies were enacted but also in the effect these had. Although Sweden and Iran assume similar travel restrictions, the latter is facing a strong migratory current out of the country, in stark contrast to the former. Additionally, when confronted with similar problems, such as fear of an increase in domestic violence, the two countries react differently. The differences in governmental form, national statistics and aspects such as religion and demography appear to reveal themselves after policies are enacted, with limited effect on what exactly is enacted in the first place.

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