Specialidrott, men är det specialanpassat för alla? : En studie om hur innebandymålvakters behov/utveckling tillgodoses på gymnasial nationellt godkänd idrottsutbildning (NIU).
Sammanfattning: Aim The purpose of my study is to investigate how much resources and focus that are given to the education of goalkeepers on the upper secondary nationally approved sports programmes (NSP) What views do special sports education teachers have on goalkeeping training, and how this should be conducted? Is there access to educated goalkeeper coaches, and if so, how often are these available? Method The study is qualitative and the collection of empirical data is based on semi structured questions and answers received through mail contact and interviews via telephone. My study was based on a total sample where all 30 NSP with floorball in Sweden was contacted. In total, 26 of the surveyed schools participated. The theory of whole and part capacity training has been used as theoretical framework. Results The result shows that it is considered as a very important part of the training to carry out specific goalkeeper training. All schools also run specific strength and cardio training for goalkeepers. However, it is also apparent that there is considerable lack of expertise and resources in terms of educated goalkeeper coaches. In partly due to the lack of research on the goalkeepers’ specific requirements and capabilities, in part because of insufficient knowledge of how and why goalkeeper training should be conducted. There is also an absence of “knowledgeable” and educated goalkeeper coaches. It appears that even at upper secondary schools where there is access to a goalkeeper coach, the accessibility is minimal. The most decisive factor for the availability of goalkeeper coaches is considered to be the economical aspect. One option demanded from both players and coaches is educational material for the development and training for goalkeepers. Conclusions There is a consensus that specific training for goalkeepers, lead by specially educated coaches should be conducted. The results indicate that whole- and part capacity training is seen as the optimal training for specific positions as a goalkeeper. However, there is great discrepancy concerning how the training is actually conducted. In reality, there is very low availability of goalkeeper coaches, which is considered to be due to both lack of financial resources and also lack of skilled trainers.
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