Våras det för Tunisien? Om de misslyckade försöken att reformera Tunisiens säkerhetssektor efter den Arabiska våren.

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

Sammanfattning: After being subjugated under the authoritarian regime of Ben Ali for 23 years, the citizens of Tunisia took to the streets in 2010 and demanded a change. The uprising then evolved into a democratization process, but even though one of the main reasons for the uprising was the oppressing and corrupt security sector, the attempts of security sector reform (SSR) have been unsuccessful in “democratizing” the security institutions. This paper therefore explores how we can be able to understand the circumstances affecting the attempts of SSR, and which consequences this may have on Tunisia’s path to democracy. Through the means of a qualitative case study and by using an analytical framework based on when its “ideal conditions” to perform SSR, the paper makes the argument that political polarization, the violent environment and a local resistance has created a priority for safety and stability instead of democratic reforms. It then concludes that this might have a profound effect on Tunisia’s democratization process since it runs the risk of making the citizens lose faith in the democratic system, seeing that it’s neither providing them the safety nor the civil liberties they were expecting when they took to the streets seven years ago.

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