Den välkomna flyktingen : En kritisk diskursanalys om flyktinginvandring i nyhetsrapporteringen 2022

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Malmö universitet/Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS)

Sammanfattning: As a result of the war in Ukraine, millions of Ukrainians are in a position as refugees. Sweden has for decadesbeen an immigrant country and received refugees from many different war-torn countries. Previous researchshows that the media influence public opinion towards ethnic minorities. The purpose of the essay is to findout how in the Swedish context in discourse a distinction is made between refugees depending on wherethey are from. The focus is on what representations refugees are attributed to and how refugees are portrayedin the mass media in the Swedish context. This is done with the theory and method of critical discourseanalysis as well as postcolonial theory. From postcolonial theory, racialization processes are used as toolsof analysis and "us and them" as a discursive tool. The analysis indicates that there is a difference in thediscourse on refugee immigration. Refugees are divided into European and non-European refugees. Refugeegroups are attributed to various representations that can be based on the essentialist view of humanity. Arefugee group is attributed to representations such as criminality, honor oppression and considered to be inessence different. At the same time, the other refugee group is attributed to portrayals as culturally equal andessentialistically good. This, in turn, creates different discourses about different refugee groups. One that iswelcome and one that is rejected. The results are important because discourse in say is constituted by thesocial practice.

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