Meteorological differences between Rabots glaciär and Storglaciären and its impact on ablation

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Stockholms universitet/Institutionen för naturgeografi

Sammanfattning:

In the Kebnekaise Massif, Northern Sweden, the west facing glacier, Rabots glaciär, is loosing volume at a significantly higher rate than east facing, Storglaciären. By analyzing data from automatic weather stations situated on the ablation area on the glaciers we investigated the effect of meteorological differences on ablation. There was a difference in micro-climate between Rabots glaciär and Storglaciären. Generally Storglaciären had slightly warmer and drier air, had less or a thinner cloud layer but more precipitation. On both glaciers a glacier wind is dominant but high wind velocities were common especially on Storglaciären indicating a larger influence from the synoptic system. There was a good correlation for temperature and vapor pressure between the glaciers that indicate that both glaciers are strongly affected by the synoptic system. The meteorological parameters have similar effect on the ablation on the glaciers. Temperature, vapor pressure and the turbulent heat fluxes are the only meteorological parameters that suggest a linear affect on ablation. Net shortwave radiation contribute with the greatest amount of energy for ablation but decreased in relative importance as the temperature increased. Shortwave radiation, sensible and latent heat contributed with a total 184Wm-2 on Rabots glaciär and 222Wm-2 on Storglaciären. Rabots glaciär seem to have a significantly greater relative importance of the turbulent heat fluxes than Storglaciären. Although the differences in micro-climate were not great, using the ablation for Storglaciären to estimate ablation on Rabots glaciär would over estimate the ablation with 0.5m w.e..

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