Demokratiseringsprocessen i Myanmar : En kvalitativ fallstudie om Myanmars konfliktdrabbade demokratiseringsprocess

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Linnéuniversitetet/Institutionen för statsvetenskap (ST)

Sammanfattning: The democratic process in Myanmar has been a troublesome one. Since the democratic wave arrived the country has witnessed an intense conflict which has led to something that the Human Rights Watch has called an ethnic cleansing. This essay focuses on the institutional instability and will try to explain how the instability and its product of low civil knowledge contributes to the manipulation of the people by the state elites, in this case the military. The main theory that is used during this essay is created by the political scientist Jack Snyder who writes about how weak institutional development in democratic processes has a greater risk of getting hijacked by elites within states who does not want to give up all of their power to the democratic force. This essay will also use theories from other political scientists such as Robert Dahl to strengthen some of the arguments about the democratic process. The questions that this essay will discuss is whether the weak institutional situation and the low civic skills together with the manipulation by the military is the main problem to the chaotic situation we are witnessing today. To approach this problem the essay will examine three important institutional parts of the Myanmar society to try and create logical conclusions about the situation based on Jack Snyder's theory.

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