Litteracitet i förskolan : En studie om pedagogers uppfattningar och praktiker

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på grundnivå från Karlstads universitet

Sammanfattning: The purpose of this study is to investigate preschool staff’s perceptions of early literacy in preschool and their practical work to promote children's literacy development. The theoretical framework for this study is the socio-cultural perspective and the four resources model of literacy. Data was collected through a semi-structured web survey sent to preschool staff in a medium-sized municipality in central Sweden. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics method. The results show a tension between emergent literacy and reading readiness perspectives among the staff. All the four resources, namely code breaking, text participation, text use and text analysis, are understood as moderately important by the preschool staff. However, there is more emphasis on decoding abilities, in particular phonological awareness. In the practical work, activities that can support children in their role as critical analyst are the least common. Reading aloud, songs, rhymes and language games are the most common literacy activities in preschool. The study shows the need to put these common literacy events in a larger social and learning context to promote a comprehensive literacy development in children.

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