Hälso- och sjukvårdspersonals upplevelser av att bemöta personer med münchausens syndrom : litteraturöversikt

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Sophiahemmet Högskola

Sammanfattning: The number of visits in health care increases every year. It leads to higher standards of health care professionals the skills to be able to prioritize and distinguish those who are most in need of medical care. And requires ability to take a professional approach. Treatment tends to be a unique experience that can be of great significance for the individual. All individuals have in responding different conditions, benefits and limitations. Fraudulent behavior such as cheat- ing and lies occurs in the encounter between people daily in society. Tax fraud, illegal work, exam cheating and stealing are society everyday events. There is no exception in health care, health care professionals is to assist the suffering people, some time to cure, often to relieve and always comfort. It happens that patients seeking for medically unexplained symptoms, with cleverly imitated symptoms try to fool themselves to care, This is based on a pathologi- cal need for affirmation, which is achieved by taking the patient role. These patients are re- ferred with Münchausen syndrome or artificial interference. These patients, as well as a pa- tient safety risk to the other patients because they occupy large resources, moreover, they are a danger to themselves by frequent unwarranted examinations and treatments. The aim was to describe the health professionals' experiences of treatment of Münchausen patients in health care. As the approach chosen a literature review where relevant articles have been collected from the databases PubMed, CINAHL, Medline AND Psychinfo. The result of the literature review showed that health care professionals are experiencing the meeting with Münchausen patients with challenging available a feeling of being uncomfortable in responding. Feelings of frustration, skills shortages and the feeling that the relation becomes unnatural and disor- dered occurs. Additionally tend Healthcare professionals to question their own competence both theoretically and clinically.  

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