Ändring i hemmet för utökad tillgänglighet för äldre och individer med funktionsnedsättningar

Detta är en M1-uppsats från Högskolan i Gävle/Avdelningen för byggnadsteknik, energisystem och miljövetenskap

Sammanfattning: Accessibility is an important factor to consider when it comes to new construction, remodelling or extension of housing. Considering the fact that the number of elderly people will increase in the coming years, must accessibility of housing be increased. According to some studies, are 80% of old homes consist at least of a risk factor that leads to falls. In order to remove these risk factors in the home, the construction of available housing must be incresed.         The purpose of this study was to increase the availability of the home for elderly people and people with disabilities, in order to create a favorable and safe environment for these individuals. The study included both theoretical and practical parts. The first part, which was a qualitative research, was aimed to studying the human body and how it changes with aging. This part was mainly focused on the physical impairments that were affected by inaccessibility in housing which are impaired mobility, impaired vision and impaired hearing. The information would then be used in the second part of the report, in order to adapt the housing design to the conditions and needs of the elderly people.   This study also contains certain rules and laws regarding housing design and housing accessibility, for instance Swedish Standard, Plannings and construction law, Planning and Buildind Act etc. These laws describe for example how the housing environment could be designed to satisfy the requirements for accessibility for older individuals and individuals with disabilities.   The second part of the study focused on the building construction and building design in the home, for increased accessibility. This part was delimited in the bathroom and the purpose was to make the bathroom available for the elderly people and people with disabilities. This section was based o two alternatives and the porpuse was to compare wich one of the alternatives was most useful to implement in practice. The first option was about new construction of a bathroom, which would replace one of the bedrooms that was placed in the house¢s first floor. The other alternative aimed at remodelling an existing bathroom wich was placed on the second floor and to facilitate the use of the renovated bathroom, a chair lift would be installed on the stairs for people with disabilities. Through an interview with Gävle municipality, it provided the approximate costs of new constructions of an available bathroom and costs of remodeling an existing bathroom for increased accessibility. These alternatives were compared based on cost, work, space and use. With regard to these points, the most favorable housing adjustment was chosen.       

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