Fysisk aktivitet och påverkan på kvinnor och foster

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Sammanfattning: Background: As the fetus develops, a number of physiological changes occur in pregnant women. The adaptation is done to create a favorable environment for the fetus and to prepare the female body for pregnancy and childbirth. Research has been conducted to give pregnant women the right recommendations on physical activity without any risks. Despite the knowledge and guidelines available, few women reach the recommendations and many women lack information on physical activity from midwives. Objective: Describe how physical activity affects healthy women and fetuses during pregnancy and childbirth. Method: Systematic literature study based on Bettany-Saltikov & McSherry method. Results: Physical activity reduces the risk of pregnancy-related complications such as Gestation diabetes mellitus (GDM) and pre-eclampsia, reduces the risk of heavy weight gain and improves the mental well-being of pregnant women. It also increases the chances of spontaneous and vaginal delivery in full-time and that women and the child feel better postpartum. Conclusion: Physical activity does not adversely affect healthy pregnant women, the fetus or the outcome of childbirth. By improving the conditions for a positive pregnancy and childbirth, midwives should have an increased knowledge of how physical activity affects women and fetuses in order to support and empower women to promote good health.Key words: Pregnancy, Pregnant Women, Physical activity, Exercise, Pregnancy outcome

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