The formations of identities in a multicultural world
Sammanfattning: The aim of this explorative study is to gain knowledge about the question of identities formations in different socio-cultural contexts. This is done by looking at the specific case of the Oromo people living in a larger community (Minneapolis, USA) as compared to living in a smaller group (Stockholm, Sweden). The case of the Oromo people is investigated in light of past historical, political, social and cultural factors that in different ways have targeted the Oromo identities. Postcolonial notions of power imbalances are considered influencing factors. The Dialogical Self is guiding the interpretation of identities as containing multiple voices. By applying a phenomenological approach emphasis is put on understanding the subjective experiences of identities formations in the Oromo people as they are influenced by different socio-cultural factors. Open interviews and self-report forms were conducted and collected from 20 individuals living in Minneapolis and Stockholm. The narratives were analyzed using the MCA-Minerva (phenomenological tool), and Sphinx Lexica (lexical tool) softwares. Outcomes indicate similarities maintaining a kind of Oromo identity and having difficulties with language acquisition, but marked differences in kinds of Oromo identities, in the importance of the Oromo language, in relations with the host culture and in political consciousness. The size of the group seems to be of relevance in how power asymmetry is affecting this process.
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