Stadsdelsförnyelse på Öster i Gävle : En analys av fysiska faktorer för en bättre boendemiljö
Sammanfattning: Nearly 50 years after the building of the first million programme neighbourhoods many Swedish municipalities faces an extensive restoration work in these neighbourhoods which during their relatively short lifetime have acted as a target for a large amount of criticism. Öster in Gävle is a million programme neighbourhood that has gone through an extensive restoration between 2001-2009 with the aim of improving the living environment. Improvements have been made in the outdoor environment, to the facades of the houses and the entrances’ of each building. The purpose of this study has been to investigate the effects of the renewal in the physical outdoor environment for those who live in the neighbourhood. Factors such as safety, comfort and use of the outdoor environment have been investigated through observations and an inventory of the outdoor environment together with a questionnaire study which was distributed among the citizens of Öster. This study shows that both safety and comfort are satisfactory among the residents unlike previous studies. Many residents reside in the outdoor environment at least once a week and the aesthetics of the area is widely appreciated. To develop the neighbourhood, further improvements that encourage spontaneous meetings in the outdoor environment can be made. Examples of such improvements could be more outdoor sitting areas. The renewal of the area can boost positive spirals for the sense of community in the area which can lead to an increased sense of safety and comfort among the residents. Continued studies could for example examine what effect the development of Gävle Strand east of Öster will have on the integration of the neighbourhood with the other parts of Gävle.
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