”Allergi mot ovisshet” : En kvalitativ dokumentstudie av målgruppens egna upplevelser av generaliserat ångestsyndrom (GAD)

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Jönköping University/HHJ, Avd. för socialt arbete

Sammanfattning: This study aims to gain an increased understanding of generalized anxiety disorder based on how the target group describe their experiences. The data was gathered through podcasts where people with GAD talked about their life situation, what strategies they use to manage general anxiety and what they think relieves general anxiety. The gathered data was then analyzed through a thematic analysis where four main themes were developed; a constant worry, managing stigma, controlling or avoiding and only relive, not cure. These themes were analyzed based on Goffman's theory of stigma and Gidden's theory of the risk society. The results show that people with GAD live with a constant anxiety that affects their entire life situation, such as their work, leisure, and social relationships. Their anxiety can be likened to an allergy to uncertainty as it´s triggered by something they cannot control. They feel stigmatized by others and feel that they often need to hide their stigma by living behind a facade. To deal with generalized anxiety, three different strategies are used, which are trying to control everything, avoiding anxiety by not exposing oneself to things that cause concern or by keeping oneself busy. However, these strategies can aggravate the condition but there are many things that can relieve general anxiety. The most prominent factors are medicine, therapy, emotional support and self-help such as exercise and meditation. But the results show that the symptoms persist despite great efforts and several treatments, which indicates that more research and more effective interventions are required. The study concludes that GAD is not only a problem that exists within the individual but also in interpersonal relationships and in the society. It also concludes that there must be a change in the structures of society regarding mental illness, and that interventions should not only be directed towards the individual but also towards the relatives. This because the results show that relatives are also affected and that their influence can both aggravate and improve the individual's condition.

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