PREVENTIVE STRATEGIES AGAINST STUDENT DROPOUT IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN NACHINGWEA DISTRICT- TANZANIA
Sammanfattning: Aim: The general purpose of this study is to examine perception and experience of schoolstaff concerning formal and informal preventive strategies undertaken to reduce studentdropout problem in secondary school in Nachingwea District – Tanzania.Theory: In order to understand the formal and informal preventive strategies undertaken byschool staff against student dropout problem at secondary school inNachingwea District -Tanzania, the current study is adopted Tinto’s model ofinstitutional departure (1993) as a theoretical perspective throughout the currentstudy.Method: This study is designed to use the qualitative research approach with semi structuredinterviews as a major channel for data collection. The purposive sampling techniqueis used to select seven study participants for interviews. The open-ended response iscoded and analysed thematically in terms of patterns, frequencies, similarities, anddifferences before presented for justification of the arguments.Results: The findings of the study revealed the experience of school staff concerning formal andinformal preventive strategies undertaken to reduce student dropout problem such asconducting school meeting, administering character assessment, collaboration withward education officer and ward police officer, creating guidance and counselinggroups in school, and preparing extra curriculum activities like social clubs, sports andgames. Also, there are some other strategies revealed in current study which are suitableto persist student in school such as collaboration with Non- Government organizationlike FEMINA and use of special diary to maintain daily student attendance.
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