Metod för att mäta förändring av city logistik : - En casestudie på Sandvikens kommun
To distribute goods to customers in urban areas is necessary to support the economic and social development in the cities, but has consequences that affect both residents of cities as well as the environment. The environmental effects of these types of transport involves not only the emissions of various pollutants, but also an increased noise level inside the cities. Many companies and organizations are working hard to change the distribution pattern to streamline transport in the urban area, while environmental impact is reduced. This is in line with what is called the City Logistics. The purpose of this thesis is to create a method for describing and measuring a given transport solution in order to compare it with an altered transport solution to achieve a more sustainable development. To construct a method, you have to first find out which previous methods and models are available. In our case, we found three specific models that we considered appropriate to study in its entirety and see whether these would fit for what we wanted to measure. What we found in these models is that it does not measure exactly what we intended to measure, some elements from the different models could be embraced and used as we supplemented with other aspects such as the environmental aspect. The environmental aspect is something that we believe that the models presented in the literature did not take into account. However unveiled the rest of the literature the importance of working to reduce emissions, since the focus of many companies has been to streamline production processes and reduce the effects of these so have environmental impacts from transportation have been overlooked. The models from the literature also had a holistic view of the entire supply chain, from incoming material to production, storage and distribution. We found that a lack of models that measure only the distribution from the distribution centers. Our method gives the user a picture of the traffic situation as it can then be compared with the new outcome at the next measurement. The method that we have developed in this thesis is meant to be used as a tool for annual monitoring of transport operations to measure and make changes, if any patterns and trends can be detected. Sandviken is used as case studies for this thesis, in order to test the method and to draw conclusions about how the method works.
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