Reformation av utsatta områden : Brottsprevention & trygghet genom utformning.

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Jönköping University/JTH, Byggnadsteknik och belysningsvetenskap; Jönköping University/JTH, Byggnadsteknik och belysningsvetenskap

Sammanfattning: Purpose: This study is based on one of 60 residential areas in Sweden which is evaluated to have low socio-economic status and where criminals have an impact on the society. Råslätt in Jönköping is referred as an exposed area and this studys aim is to identify, analyze and assist Vätterhem with guidance concerning crime prevention and providing safe design in urban space. The aim of this study is to comprehend how urban spaces can be designed to prevent crime in exposed areas in general and Råslätt in particular. In this way, this study will contribute with knowledge to make Råslätt a secure and safe area. Method: This study’s methods is both qualitative and quantitative. First, a literature research was conducted on where CPTED has been implemented as a tool in crime. A document analysis has been carried out using statistics from the police department regarding reported crimes in Råslätt. Interviews were conducted on people with good knowledge of Råslätt, in order to supplement and compare the document analysis. The questions asked were regarding perceived crime and insecurity. To map Råslätt, an area analysis was then implemented based on the tool Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED). Findings: This study shows that parking lots on the outskirts of Råslätt, Havsörnsgatan and Stadsgården with its surrounding areas are common places for crimes within three crime categories: Public acts of violence that risk damaging third parties are found where you can find problems with natural surveillance. Open drug dealing is found where there is a problem with natural surveillance and natural access control. Outward dissatisfaction against society is found in places where there is a problem with natural surveillance and territorial reinforcement. Implications: This study shows that there is a connection between the tool CPTED and the crimes that are reported in Råslätt as well as the perceived feeling of where crimes are committed is in consistent with the reality of where crimes are reported. The conclusion shows that there is some improvement to make when it comes to the built environment and reduce the occurrence of criminal acts. Examples of such measures are better lightning, concealed walking paths and restrict the car traffic in the area. Limitations: This study only includes the residential area Råslätt with its surrounding parking lots and garages. This means that forest areas, outdoor areas and roads that connect Råslätt with nearby residential areas are excluded. This study also focuses on the indirect oppressions in the assignment of exposed areas. The aspect in CPTED regarding the natural access control and segregation from surrounding areas will not be evaluated in this study.

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