Föräldrars upplevelse av kängurumetoden under vårdtid på neonatal intensivvårdsavdelning.

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap; Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning: ABSTRACT Background: Kangaroo-mother care (KMC) is a vital part of the neonatal care. The method is based on skin to skin contact, where the parent or another caregiver, holds the child on itsbare chest for an extensive period of time. This has been proven to have a positive effect on the childs physical and mental development. Less extensive research has been made on the methods effects on the parents.  Aim: The aim of this studie was to describe the parents experience of used KMC during their childs time on a NICU (neonatal intensive care unit).  Method: A literature study with descriptive design. Based off of 12 original qualitative studies from the databases PubMed, CINAHL and Web of Science.  Results: The parents experiences could be devided into four themes: Emotional- and physical experiences as a result of KMC, the unit’s effect on the experience of KMC and bonding. The method was appreciated by the parents and the overall experience was positive. However, the method can be demanding for the parents and the staff and environment on the NICU have a big influence on the experience.  Conclusion: Time on a NICU can be stressful for both child and parents. KMC has been proven to be beneficial for the child, but also for the parents’ experience of their childs care. The method should be practiced as much as possible, with the influence of the health care staff and unit’s environment. Keywords: Kangaroo-mother care method. Intensive care. Neonatal. Infant. Parents.

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