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Sammanfattning: Work is a way for people to socialize and find purpose in life. For many, however, it is at thesame time a source of stress and anxiety. The absence due to psychosocial health problems inSweden is increasing (Regeringen, 2015) and many find it hard to manage the balance in lifewith full-time job, family, and leisure life. In addition, the developed technology makes thedistinction between work and privacy unclear.This is a comparative study of four different private companies that has introduced a six-hourworking day on their own initiative. The purpose is to investigate why a work time reductionwas introduced, how the companies’ organized the work related to productivity goals andwhich effects that could be drawn due to reduced work time. To analyze our results we haveused theories concerning this subject: Work Life Balance, Employer Branding, Empty Labor,Organizational trends and Motivational theories. We have used a qualitative method with asemi structured interview template and we present the result by using a thematic analysis(Bryman, 2011).3The result from the empirical data we have collected showed that there were two main reasonsto why the companies introduced a reduction of work time: they wanted to increase theirefficiency and become a more attractive workplace. All four organizations organized the workby eliminate unnecessary meetings and reducing small talks during work time. The maineffects we found was that the employees were happier and well rested at work and theefficiency went up. There were not only positive effects though; two of the companiesexperienced an increase of stress in their employees since they had to produce the sameamount of work in fewer hours.
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