Makrostruktur och kohesion i berättande hos 6-åringar med och utan epilepsi

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi

Sammanfattning: The purpose of this study was to examine the narrative skill of sixyear-olds in terms of macrostructure and cohesion, and its relation tonarrative content, auditory attention, auditory short-term memory and threemeasures of word retrieval. A group comparison of macrostructure andcohesion was also performed between children with and without epilepsy.The material consisted of audio recordings of 44 children (18 with epilepsyand 26 from a reference group) retelling the story Nelli-sagan (Holmberg &Sahlén, 2000). No correlation was found between content and macrostructureor cohesion, but several between the latter two. Auditory short-termmemory and word retrieval without pictures showed several correlationswith macrostructure as well as cohesion. No differences in macrostructure orcohesion were found between the children with epilepsy and the referencegroup. The importance of using more than one method of analysis to gain anoverall view of a child's narrative skill is emphasized, as well as the necessityto individually adapt the narrative assessment in terms of elicitationand choice of text to make the child's narration as independent as possible.

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