"It is all together, like the five fingers in our hand. Everything is needed." : Nursing care provided to patients with type 2 diabetes at an Indian diabetes clinic
Background: Type 2 diabetes is among the fastest growing diseases in the world, especially in India where the prevalence is 9 percent and expected to rise significantly. Managing diabetes involves a substantial portion of self-care and lifestyle changes for the patient. Hence, the nursing care to patients needs to be focused on promoting self-care and empowerment.
Objective: To describe the nursing care, focusing on self-care and empowerment, provided to patients with type 2 diabetes at a private diabetes clinic in India.
Method: Eleven diabetes educators with specialist training were interviewed individually. Data was analysed using qualitative contents analysis.
Results: One core category called Comprehensive approach was found. Additionally, the data was sorted into four main categories: Nursing care interventions, Counselling, Health education and Health protection.
Conclusion: The participants had a comprehensive view of the patients, the disease and the role of health personnel involved in the care. This holistic approach permeated the nursing care performed by the participants, facilitated empowerment and the promotion of self-care to the patients.
Clinical relevance: The study provides a widened perspective and understanding of the concepts of self-care and empowerment to patients with type 2 diabetes in different cultural contexts. The results can serve as an inspiration to new ways of promoting self-care and empowerment to patients with other health problems.
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